- Greetings Ladies and gentlemen. this is our second piece of a pie of our 6 weeks series on INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT as promised past two weeks on our 1st episode https://africarecenttimes.wordpress.com/?p=187
HISTORY OF MANAGEMENT
HISTORY OF MANAGEMENT
WHY MANAGERS NEEDS TO STUDY THE HISTORY OF MANAGEMENT?
I wanted to be a manager growing up, and all I wanted was just two things: work less hours and get payed more than everybody in an organisation which I will be serving my duties to, I was clearly mis-informed and my reasons for the title shows that, I was Lazy but I wanted finer things in life, most people with that attitude are either; dead, in jail, or in the street selling drugs to the youths, if they are not addicts themselves.
I worked on several factories, as a general worker, and mostly I was hired through hiring agents, those people had a share on my hard earned money, why lying down on their beds all day, while I was out all day busting my behind for them and myself, and the managers treated us (the people on the ground) badly and that made me hate the position I loved so dearly, it crazy how my dream of being lazy quickly faded because of few line managers who lacked skills on their job.
On the other side that experience made want to learn and know the ins and out of management duties which is today I know what I know and sharing it with you all.
Today we are focused on WHY MANAGERS NEEDS TO STUDY THE HISTORY OF MANAGEMENT? So that they will know and understand their duties better and deliver as per what is expected of them, without stepping on other fellow workers toes in the process.
When studying the evolution of management theory, there is this one recurring theme that management theorists have developed numerous responses to the same basic management question: what is the best way to manage an organisation?
Th question developed so many responses as to try and emulate the “best” way to manage the organisation in the context of the social, political, economic, technological, ecological and also international forces that affect the society in which the organisation is based at a certain period of time.
Because as the forces change, so do theories of management, adjusts to the changing environment through certain circumstances.
There-fore there might be no standard formula as to the question: “what is the best way to manage an organisation?” which is the reason why we have different views and opinions when it comes to the question, “WHAT IS THE BEST WAY TO MANAGE AN ORGANISATION” but looking at management evolution as from back as far as early 90s until the early 20th century might help us understand common basis of management practices and help us better our approaches in our management duties today.
Scholars/management theorists says there are six various approaches to management that had evolved since 1890s, ordered as follows:
They call these six major approaches of management and they also says that, many of these major management approaches still influence management thinking today. When I’ve read this I got excited as to thinking there was a standard basic approach that been there for many, many, years until I saw “BUT’’ which led me to these founding; towards the end of the last century, new approaches emerged because of major changes occurred in the environment since then.
Today we will dig into our number 1 major approach which is THE CLASSICAL APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT, then we will go through the other five in next couple of weeks lined up.
THE CLASSICAL APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT.
It is said that; The Industrial Revolution had a considerable impact on the development of management theory.
While on the subject of “The Industrial Revolution”, I would like to know how the 4th Industrial Revolution has impacted the lives of the people in the countries where it has been launched if there are any? So if in your Country the system had been launched, please share on a comment box on how it has impacted the live of the people especially in the lower or working and the middle classes of people vs the upper class, has it impacted them both positively or favours some and affected other negatively? I would really like to know Please share with us.
Back to our main course; they say towards the end of the last century; The Industrial Revolution created extraordinary growth, resulting in the development of unique problems in Europe and United States,
I am still conducting a research to find out; what were the problems that emerged as the growth was being created and developed, what exactly were those problem and how the under developed countries and still developing countries can learn from that to try and use alternative ways to at-least try to avoid that and protect the nature and humanity at the same time.
Those problems led to reproach in the management strategy. So in response to those problems three management theories emerged, collectively knows as THE CLASSICAL APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT.
The premise of the classical approach to management is that organisation are rational systems that should operate in the most efficient manner possible. The three management theories are;
- Scientific management – Production efficiency
- Bureaucratic management – The structure of the organisation
- Administrative management – The process and principle of management.
ON OUR NEXT BLOG (NEXT FRIDAY) WE WILL DEEPLY DISCUSS THE THREE MANAGEMENT THEORIES UNDER OUR CURRENT SUBTOPIC WHICH IS THE CLASSICAL APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT.