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INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT Part II

WHEN STUDYING THE HISTORY OF MANAGEMENT THEORY, ONE RECURRING THEME IS THAT MANAGEMENT THEORIST HAVE DEVELOPED, NUMEROUS RESPONSES TO THE SAME QUESTION: WHAT IS THE BEST WAY TO MANAGE AN ORGANISATION?

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HISTORY OF MANAGEMENT

HISTORY OF MANAGEMENT

WHY MANAGERS NEEDS TO STUDY THE HISTORY OF MANAGEMENT?

I wanted to be a manager growing up, and all I wanted was just two things: work less hours and get payed more than everybody in an organisation which I will be serving my duties to, I was clearly mis-informed and my reasons for the title shows that, I was Lazy but I wanted finer things in life, most people with that attitude are either; dead, in jail, or in the street selling drugs to the youths, if they are not addicts themselves.

I worked on several factories, as a general worker, and mostly I was hired through hiring agents, those people had a share on my hard earned money, why lying down on their beds all day, while I was out all day busting my behind for them and myself, and the managers treated us (the people on the ground) badly and that made me hate the position I loved so dearly, it crazy how my dream of being lazy quickly faded because of few line managers who lacked skills on their job.

On the other side that experience made want to learn and know the ins and out of management duties which is today I know what I know and sharing it with you all.

Today we are focused on WHY MANAGERS NEEDS TO STUDY THE HISTORY OF MANAGEMENT? So that they will know and understand their duties better and deliver as per what is expected of them, without stepping on other fellow workers toes in the process.

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When studying the evolution of management theory, there is this one recurring theme that management theorists have developed numerous responses to the same basic management question: what is the best way to manage an organisation?

Th question developed so many responses as to try and emulate the “best” way to manage the organisation in the context of the social, political, economic, technological, ecological and also international forces that affect the society in which the organisation is based at a certain period of time.

Because as the forces change, so do theories of management, adjusts to the changing environment through certain circumstances.

There-fore there might be no standard formula as to the question: “what is the best way to manage an organisation?” which is the reason why we have different views and opinions when it comes to the question, “WHAT IS THE BEST WAY TO MANAGE AN ORGANISATION” but looking at management evolution as from back as far as early 90s until the early 20th century might help us understand common basis of management practices and help us better our approaches in our management duties today.

Scholars/management theorists says there are six various approaches to management that had evolved since 1890s, ordered as follows:

  1. Classical
  2. Behavioural
  3. Quantitative
  4. Systems
  5. Contingency
  6. Quality

They call these six major approaches of management and they also says that, many of these major management approaches still influence management thinking today. When I’ve read this I got excited as to thinking there was a standard basic approach that been there for many, many, years until I saw “BUT’’ which led me to these founding; towards the end of the last century, new approaches emerged because of major changes occurred in the environment since then.

Today we will dig into our number 1 major approach which is THE CLASSICAL APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT, then we will go through the other five in next couple of weeks lined up.

THE CLASSICAL APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT.

It is said that; The Industrial Revolution had a considerable impact on the development of management theory.

While on the subject of “The Industrial Revolution”, I would like to know how the 4th Industrial Revolution has impacted the lives of the people in the countries where it has been launched if there are any? So if in your Country the system had been launched, please share on a comment box on how it has impacted the live of the people especially in the lower or working and the middle classes of people vs the upper class, has it impacted them both positively or favours some and affected other negatively? I would really like to know Please share with us.

Back to our main course; they say towards the end of the last century; The Industrial Revolution created extraordinary growth, resulting in the development of unique problems in Europe and United States,

I am still conducting a research to find out; what were the problems that emerged as the growth was being created and developed, what  exactly were those problem and how the under developed countries and still developing countries can learn from that to try and use alternative ways to at-least try to avoid that and protect the nature and humanity at the same time.

Those problems led to reproach in the management strategy. So in response to those problems three management theories emerged, collectively knows as THE CLASSICAL APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT.

The premise of the classical approach to management is that organisation are rational systems that should operate in the most efficient manner possible. The three management theories are;

  1. Scientific management – Production efficiency
  2. Bureaucratic management – The structure of the organisation
  3. Administrative management – The process and principle of management.

ON OUR NEXT BLOG (NEXT FRIDAY) WE WILL DEEPLY DISCUSS THE THREE MANAGEMENT THEORIES UNDER OUR CURRENT SUBTOPIC WHICH IS THE CLASSICAL APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT.

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What do you Love?

It crazy how people has lost passion in the jobs they do these days, you could swear they were gun-pointed into spaces they occupy and doing their duties, they drag themselves all day long, and days feels even longer than normal, because the find it hard to make their work a healthy environment where they work to get payed and be happy while doing so.

THERE ARE NUMBER OF REASONS WHY MOST PEOPLE HATES THEIR JOBS, HERE ARE TWO OF THEM.

1- ATTITUDE

first things first if you in a field working, you need to be as sober as a convict. that’s the attitude.

There is Good and Bad Attitude.

Choosing what you love and pursue it will always turns out good, and that where Good attitude lives, within Love, there lies positive/good attitude and perseverance; it becomes easy to face challenges head on.

because you love what you do, and you stay motivated and when you stay motivated you do good and when you do good? business grows. Everyone in your value chain feels welcomed and needed, clients then becomes happy to spend their money on you over your competitors.

Remember Nobody stick around where they feel not loved and unwanted.

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Bad Attitude totally  brings the opposite, and that where things get ugly.

Bad attitude makes one thinks and feels that s/he deserves better, and will think they are better that everybody else and expect special treatments. because their bad attitude makes them thinks they worth that, while they don’t posses it.

Bad Attitude makes one think “their supervisor is anything else but not their leaders,

Or his/her supervisor is a leader that cannot lead for that leader do not know what is leadership hence fails to act accordingly in the position, that how they think mostly…..?” 

And then always challenge and disrespect them in-front of the staff, trying to expose their weakness hoping the staff will see him/her better fit for the position that their supiriors occupy, they then see the need to show their means by imposing cheap leadership skill towards the staff,without being given an authority to do so by the management, they like taking over from their actual leaders, bacause a person with bad attitude thinks that things like leadership has to be taken, force into, and follow through rather than to be trusted, given, and carry out duties before others, to be their role model and lead by good examples.

So a bad attitude kind of person makes working environment becomes hell to everyone inside the gates.

“hhhhhhhhhssshh”

some hate even the way the gate moves as it opens for them to come in and serve on their position to make money and feed their families out of it. because the spirit that exist there is a bad spirit, energy there is draining and no-one likes to be in places like 24/7 365 days per year.

Bad attitude people are blinded by their bad attitude and bad attitude mostly results from unsatisfactory, and that kind of person need a psychologist first then a job.

The reason s/he annoys everybody with his/her non stopping complaints is because the person is on the right place but in a wrong time.

2 – DESPERATION.

Being desperate to make end meets, can sets one up for disaster, and drags you down into deeper flames of hell and hold you there burning.

When you are desperate, sometimes it hard to think straight. And when you can’t think straight, you are in no position to choose, or making a good choice or any wise decision whatever comes your way you take it, without hesitating, why ………? because your belly bells and you are in need to eat something to silence it.

Or you have Children and you prioritise them over everything, then  you stand a good chance to be exploited. and be exploited in many ways, it can be sexually, mentally, physically, emotionally and those four will always destroy a person Pyschologically.

It hard to avoid this especially if you know that you are being exploited because you you can’t help yourself and are desperate for help, worst is part is knowing that “I can’t say no” and random thought starts running …..

1- my children are starving,

2- my children have no clothes,

3- my children have no stationary,

and

4- if they can get sick, I need to be able to pay their medical bills.

You then choose to swallow it hot, not knowing by that you just signed your life to the devil. You are to be a sex slave for this person for as long as s/he thirst after you. It began by choosing to secure the needs of your own children over your own life, which I believe every parent would do.

Can you now blame the victim?

MOTIVATION: It is better  TO DO WHAT WE LOVE, to become our best version that we can possibly be, sad part is “some of us does not have the priviledge.”

INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT

manager

Every existing organisation has to have a manager or managers, whether it is a public or a private organisation, from big organisations to individual run businesses for them to function well, there has to be a good management system, and if you(my dear reader) have any idea that you want to work on and it a viable idea? that idea needs to be managed well in order to achieve it full potential.

Today we introduce you into management and for the next 3 months we will be dealing with this important subjects by publishing a blog once in two weeks every friday, so that means brothers and sisters we will have a nice trip of six episode dealing with managers and their key roles in different organisation.

1- Definition of Management.

Management Can be described as the process of the following

i) planning: manager determine the organisations vision, mission and goals and decide the strategy to achieve them.

To determines where the organisation wants to be in future.

ii) Organizing: Managers group activities together, establish Authority, allocate resources, and delegate.

iii) Leading: managers direct and motivate members of the organisation to achieve the mission and goals.

IV) Controlling: Managers monitor progress and take corrective steps to reach the mission and goals.

AND IN CONTRAST

Strategic Management: They(managers) are the brains and eyes of the organization, the ones who gives ideas and time-frame. What you want to do and when to do it, giving a direction as to where the organisation goes.
This involve a shift of mindset to everybody involved from top managers (strategizers) to workers. Top Managers will also have to commit millions of rands to see the vision through.
Strategic plans are very broad and they translate to the 2nd point which follows, “tactical plans” and make it to be more specific and also measurable.

Tactical Management: These are made by functional/middle managers eg “financial & human resources, research and development, marketing and operation managers” they come to place to support and give out the mission to Top managers vision which is the strategic plan and the whole vision. Research and development managers(middle managers level) makes medium term plans to support the overall plan of that particular organisation and ensure the strategic plan of the top management come to live, that it becomes successful and is achieved in great way possible.

Then tactical plans are translated into operational plans/ operational management .

Operational: operational managers are made by lower management often called (first-line managers, supervisory management) who works based on short plan terms: daily, weekly and monthly schedules. They one the ones working under pressure, ensuring that the work is done in time, and are in deep stress of back to back meeting etc.

In Short = S-T-O
Top Management – Strategize and plan
Middle Management – Tactical plans
1st line Management – Operational plans.

Thank you please see us again in next two fridays at 20:00 hours South African time.

Attitude of Prayer.

This is short video of a sermon I did a month ago. Sound quality is not good. And it was deliverd in isiZulu language. It is preferable for the Zulu speaking people.

The sermon was take from the passage of scripture found in John 17. Whole of the chapter, but this video show us 1st part of the sermon and not the whole of it.

If you saw it and the language is the problem, you can asks Ill make means to translate the sermon for you.

To watch Please follow the link https://youtu.be/6FEcF9p86oU

Three Nerds

It in the afternoon just after 16:00 hours, and the sun was still shining at it mightiest, you know how hot mid-summer days can be? Mack is hanging with his two friends, Zed and Lad on the well shaded balcony, facing north of the complex where they rent and share the flat, far left there’s this busy local rank, things happen there, especially by fridays afternoon, they like sitting outside to check what going on down there drowning beers, it was one of those days where lousy conversations just ops up, to get a day by.

Mack that girl from the club, (filling up his cup) you still with her? asked Zad. oh for sure (Mack glancing at Zad, drowning his can up and continued) just texted her we meeting up later tonight. (Zad n Lad looked at each other) AGAIN!!! (EXCLAIMING Zad @ Lad at the same time) (Mack looked at them confused) I thought you said it was a one night hit? asked Zad. Yeah I thought so too, but things got hit up (Mack getting excited, as he went off to the bathroom, and his friends knew they are in it again, when Mack lusts he Loves, and when break ups hit up, They too suffers the casualties, so they better come up with a plan fast to get them seperated before Mack get too deep with this fling they thought)

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AS THE WORLD CHANGES

I grew up in deep rural areas, in a place called Ncwadi, named after the river stream that almost cut the central part of the village we live in, I could say “I grew up in villages” but the phrase “rural areas” suit the conditions better, so allow me to use the phrase instead of the word (village)

I am of the late 80s, so I’ve seen better days, that most people who are struggling to adapt to the ever changing life over the years hope one day that they will see better days, “named a better future for all, which is a lie we have all tend to buy”. I know and remembers true love we had in my community, LOVE that ensured that orphans were non existing, every single house hold was a home for us all. we shared food, flocks, clothes, roof, most of all the same passion, which was “LOVE ONE ANOTHER”

we had not much educated people, let alone owning or knowing a bible, but we lived life as if somebody had taught us that which the Lord Jesus Christ had taught his disciples, which is to Love one another as he has loved them. [John 15:12-14]

by seeing better days, I am also confessing that I’ve the fulfillment of Jeremiah [31:31-34] as it is written as follows;

 31  Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: 32  Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: {although…: or, should I have continued an husband unto them?} 33  But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. 34  And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more. 
Jesus also spoke in John 6  45  It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.

I have seen a society on earth that lived like they’ve heard from the very mouth of God, its life was sourced and based in nothing but LOVE, Love in it PUREST form, yet those people could not read and write.

I was still young, when wars of liberation and politics emerge and those people(elders) died, what I remember the most about, is their integrity, strong charector, and the hate they have of evil.

 Apostle John wrote tothe Churh: 1 John 3 4  Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. 5  And ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin. 6  Whosoever abideth in him sinneth not: whosoever sinneth hath not seen him, neither known him. 7  Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous. 8  He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. 9  Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. {is born: or, has been born} 10  In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother. 

I still cannot figure out how these people came to that standard of purity without being taught by the Pastor in the local Church buildings, which was the Catholics at that time. But hey! I’ve seen better days. 🙂

Wars emerge, Apartheid was at it prime, education system was introduced, highly colonized masses of people instead of civilizing them. racism also got intr0duced, cruelty began, elders held the community together in hope but when they got killed, we were splitted all over the land, and some got access to western weapon and the society got crushed and flushed, began to hate and kill each other. so sad 😦

Education system gain its popularity, when the world sets it standard through it, because the world needed greater minds to see the vision through, this is the vision: JEREMIAH 7: 23  Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces. 24  And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings. 25  And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time. 7  

we have move from processing, to instant, from loving to lusting, from soberness to drunkenness, from abundance to misery, form wealth to poor, form joy to sadness.

as the world change we have not lost all hope we still hope to see better days when we get caught up to meet our Lord, and stay with Him ertenaly.

though life has turned sour, there the light at the end of the tunnel to them that believe in the Lord.  for it is written: John 3  16  For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. 17  For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. 

MAY THE ALMIGHTY GOD BLESS YOU> you can also share your comment, or even your life expiriences and tell us what you have seen AS THE WORLD CHANGES